Author: George Orwell
Tired of their servitude to man, a group of farm animals revolt and establish their own society, only to be betrayed into worse servitude by their leaders, the pigs, whose slogan becomes: “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” This 1945 satire addresses the socialist/ communist philosophy of Stalin in Russia.
The thing about Animal Farm is depending upon the reader, it could be read in two totally different ways. It could either be read on its face value and can be read as it is or it could be read as a brilliant social satire that is based on the Soviet Revolution. Either way, it conveys what it wants to convey, that any revolution, though with excellent core beliefs, could be contaminated over time if not checked, and power is not handled correctly could nullify any good cause.
The book starts with “Manor Farm” that is run by Mr. Jones. One day Mr. Jones forgets to feed his animals, that causes the animals to rebel. This leads to Mr. Jones running away from the farm, leaving the animals free from the “tyrant human beings that are the root cause of all trouble”. Under the leadership of pigs, Napoleon, and Snowball (the cleverest animals on farm), they create a model of equality called “Animalism” with seven commandments that go as follows:
But as the more simple minded animals were not able to learn how to read or remember these, they formulated one liner “Four legs good, two legs bad”.
Things went wonderfully, but power got into Napoleon’s head and the rest of the story goes on to state how the original commandments were changed to gain what was in benefit of the pigs which now looked something like this:
If you read it from the point of Satire on Soviet Revolution, you will notice how the characters get their personality traits from Politicians. Like Mr. Jones seems to be based on Tsar Nicholas II, Old Major would be based on Karl Marx, Napoleon on Joseph Stalin, Snowball on Leon Trotsky, the dog squad on KLB, And the rest of the farm animals as the lower working class of the Soviet Union.
A great read for kids and adults alike.